Turkey’s Top Exports 2019: Main Export Products & Top Importers of Turkish Export Products

Turkey's top exports and importsThis article is giving some very useful data on Turkey’s top exports in 2019 and some valuable overview on the export performance of Turkey since 2001.

Turkish manufacturers and exporters recorded a dramatic growth in the last 20 years.

In 2019, Turkey has been the 31. biggest exporter in the World. The top 3 exporters have been, China, USA, and Germany. Turkey has exported products with a total value of 171 Billion USD in 2019, which was around 168 Billion $ in 2018, and 157 Bn $ in the year 2017.

In 2001, Turkey was a country who had an export value of only USD 31 Bn that represents a growth of almost 5,5 times in the last 18 years. However, most of this growth in exports of Turkey mostly has taken place between 2001 and 2008 years. In 2008 the value of total exported products of Turkey was USD 132 Billion.

In this article, we will give more details on Turkey’s top exports, export-import partners, top export products and top import products.

TURKEY’S EXPORTS BETWEEN 2001-2020

Turkey’s exports has grown drmatically between 2001 and 2008. In 2008 The world suffered a financial crisis, so the export values have been seriously affected. In the below table you can see the total export values of Turkey starting from 2001, and top 3 export markets for Turkey in those years, and also export growth rates at the right column which shows the growth rate from previous year.

As can be seen from the table, Germany has always been the top export country for Turkish export products. Second and third places interchanged between USA, UK, Italy, Iraq, and France.

When we look at the last year, 2019, the top 5 countries who import from Turkey are; Germany ( 15,38 Bn USD), United Kingdom ( 10,85 Bn USD), Italy ( 9,28 Bn USD ), Iraq ( 8,97 Bn USD ), and USA ( 8,0 Bn USD).

Below graph shows values and trend of Turkey’s exports ( Billion USD ) between years 2001 ans 2019.

Turkey's exports to the World and Germany
Graph represents Turkey’s total exports and exports to Germany between 2001 and 2019

The table shows the export values of Turkey between 2001 and 2019 years, giving also top 3 importing countries from Turkey. Also included export value growth rate when compared to previous year.

 

YearExport Value ( Billion $)Growth Rate From Previous Year (%)#1 Importing Country#2 Importing Country#3 Importing Country
200131,3GermanyUSAItaly
200235,714GermanyUSAUK
200347,232GermanyUSAUK
200463,134GermanyUKUSA
200573,416GermanyUKItaly
200685,516GermanyUKItaly
2007107,225GermanyUKItaly
2008132,023GermanyUKItaly
2009102,1-23GermanyFranceUK
2010113,811GermanyUKItaly
2011134,918GermanyIraqUK
2012152,513GermanyIraqUK
2013151,80GermanyIraqUK
2014157,64GermanyIraqUK
2015143,8-9GermanyUKIraq
2016142,6-1GermanyUKIraq
2017156,910GermanyUKIraq
2018167,97GermanyUKItaly
2019171,02GermanyUKItaly

TURKEY’S TOP EXPORT COUNTRIES

Which countries import from Turkey?

Turkey exported products with a total value of 171 Billion USD in 2019. The largest share of these exports have been made to European countries.

The top 10 importing countries almost got a share of 50% in Turkey’s total exports. Germany alone, as the top importing country of Turkish goods, had a share of 9%.

Below graph shows Turkey’s export values to top 2 importers,  Germany and UK, between 2001 and 2019.

Turkey's top export countries graph shows values for Germany and UK

 

The table below shows top 20 export markets of Turkey in 2019.

 

 Importing CountryValue exported in 2019 (USD Billion)Share in Turkey's exports (%)
1Germany15,389
2United Kingdom10,866,3
3Italy9,285,4
4Iraq8,975,2
5USA8,044,7
6France7,644,5
7Spain7,644,5
8Netherlands5,413,2
9Israel4,352,5
10Russian Federation3,852,3
11Romania3,832,2
12United Arab Emirates3,512,1
13Egypt3,311,9
14Poland3,301,9
15Belgium3,231,9
16Saudi Arabia3,181,9
17China2,581,5
18Bulgaria2,521,5
19Morocco2,291,3
20Iran2,261,3

Top 8 importing countries from Turkey and their shares in Turkey’s export values in 2019.

The top 8 importing countries import 42,8% of Turkish exports. Only Iraq and USA are the top importing countries among those out of Europe.

Top importing countries from Turkey and their shares in Turkey's export values

TOP EXPORT PRODUCTS OF TURKEY IN 2019

These are the top export product groups of Turkish manufacturers and suppliers in 2019.

The table shows the top 20 product categories exported by Turkey along with values recorded in 2019. This will give an overview of Turkey’s main industries. Vehicles, mainly cars, are the number one export product of Turkey. Then comes Machinery, Iron and steel products, and clothing/apparel items.

Furniture, Carpets (Area Rugs), Wheat Flour, Plastics, Rubber Items, Aluminum products, and edible fruits and nuts are some of other main products supplied by Turkish companies.

 

HS Code 2 DigitsProduct GroupExported Value in 2019 ( Billion USD)Ranking in World Exports
87Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof25,5618
84Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers; parts thereof16,4527
72Iron and steel9,9312
61Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted9,086
85Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles8,7233
71Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal, and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin7,3220
27Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes6,9945
73Articles of iron or steel6,4815
62Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted6,459
39Plastics and articles thereof6,1524
08Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons4,177
94Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated signs, illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings3,4814
76Aluminium and articles thereof3,1019
40Rubber and articles thereof2,8221
99Commodities not elsewhere specified2,7624
25Salt; sulphur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement2,732
57Carpets and other textile floor coverings2,532
63Other made-up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags2,016
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; pastrycooks' products1,8714
20Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants1,8012

 

When we look at the more specific products which was exported by Turkey in 2019, at the level of 6 digit tariff, we see a more detailed picture.

  • Jewellery
  • Cars and other vehicles,
  • Medium oils and preperations
  • Steel – Iron bars and Rods ( Turkey is #1 exporter of this product in the World)
  • Carpets ( Turkey is #1 exporter of this product in the World)
  • Apparel/Clothing
  • Hazelnut / Filbert ( Turkey is #1 exporter of this product in the World)
  • Wheat Flour ( Turkey is #1 exporter of this product in the World)
  • Cables and Wires
  • Washing Machines
  • Televisions

are some main export products of Turkey.

Following table shows more than top 20 products and their export values in 2019, along with top 3 importing countries from Turkey for those products.

HS CodeProduct DescriptionExported Value in 2019 ( USD Billion )#1 Importing Country#2 Importing Country#3 Importing Country
711319Articles of jewellery and parts thereof, of precious metal other than silver, whether or not plated or clad with precious metal 4,99IraqUAEGermany
870421 Motor vehicles for the transport of goods, with compression-ignition internal combustion piston engine "diesel or semi-diesel engine" of a gross vehicle weight <= 5 t (excluding dumpers for off-highway use of subheading 8704.10 and special purpose motor vehicles of heading 8705)4,18UKNetherlandsItaly
271019Medium oils and preparations, of petroleum or bituminous minerals, not containing biodiesel, n.e.s.3,97MaltaCyprusItaly
999999Commodities not elsewhere specified2,76OmanChinaGreece
870323 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, incl. station wagons and racing cars, with spark-ignition internal combustion reciprocating piston engine of a cylinder capacity > 1.500 cm³ but <= 3.000 cm³ (excluding vehicles for the transport of persons on snow and other specially designed vehicles of subheading 8703.10)2,75USAFranceIsrael
721420Bars and rods, of iron or non-alloy steel, with indentations, ribs, groves or other deformations produced during the rolling process2,59YemenIsraelSingapore
870322Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, incl. station wagons and racing cars, with spark-ignition internal combustion reciprocating piston engine of a cylinder capacity > 1.000 cm³ but <= 1.500 cm³ (excluding vehicles for the transport of persons on snow and other specially designed vehicles of subheading 8703.10)2,56ItalyGermanyFrance
870321 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, incl. station wagons and racing cars, with spark-ignition internal combustion reciprocating piston engine of a cylinder capacity <= 1.000 cm³ (excluding vehicles for the transport of persons on snow and other specially designed vehicles of subheading 8703.10)2,56FranceGermanyItaly
271012Light oils and preparations, of petroleum or bituminous minerals which >= 90% by volume "incl. losses" distil at 210°C "ASTM D 86 method" (excluding containing biodiesel)2,08EgyptNetherlandsSpain
570242Carpets and other floor coverings, of man-made textile materials, woven, not tufted or flocked, of pile construction, made up (excluding Kelem, Schumacks, Karamanie and similar hand-woven rugs)2,02USASaudi ArabiaGermany
710812Gold, incl. gold plated with platinum, unwrought, for non-monetary purposes (excluding gold in powder form)1,99UKUAESwitzerland
870210Motor vehicles for the transport of >= 10 persons, incl. driver, with compression-ignition internal combustion piston engine "diesel or semi-diesel engine"1,92FranceGermanyItaly
870332Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, incl. station wagons and racing cars, with compression-ignition internal combustion piston engine "diesel or semi-diesel engine" of a cylinder capacity > 1.500 cm³ but <= 2.500 cm³1,83SloveniaGermanyItaly
610910T-shirts, singlets and other vests of cotton, knitted or crocheted1,75GermanyUKSpain
854449Electric conductors, for a voltage <= 1.000 V, insulated, not fitted with connectors, n.e.s.1,39UKIraqIsrael
620462Women's or girls' trousers, bib and brace overalls, breeches and shorts of cotton (excluding knitted or crocheted, panties and swimwear)1,37SpainGermanyUK
870331Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, incl. station wagons and racing cars, with compression-ignition internal combustion piston engine "diesel or semi-diesel engine" of a cylinder capacity <= 1.500 cm³ 1,35FranceItalyMorocco
870899Parts and accessories, for tractors, motor vehicles for the transport of ten or more persons, motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, motor vehicles for the transport of goods and special purpose motor vehicles, n.e.s.1,32GermanyItalyUK
852872Reception apparatus for television, colour, whether or not incorporating radio-broadcast receivers or sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus, designed to incorporate a video display or screen1,29UKGermanyFrance
080222Fresh or dried hazelnuts or filberts "Corylus spp.", shelled1,24ItalyGermanyFrance
611020Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans, waistcoats and similar articles, of cotton, knitted or crocheted (excluding wadded waistcoats)1,05GermanySpainUK
840999Parts suitable for use solely or principally with compression-ignition internal combustion piston engine "diesel or semi-diesel engine", n.e.s.1,05GermanyUKUSA
110100Wheat or meslin flour1,05IraqYemenSyria
845011Fully-automatic household or laundry-type washing machines, of a dry linen capacity <= 6 kg0,97UKGermanyFrance

 

LIST OF EXPORT PRODUCTS FOR WHICH TURKEY IS THE NUMBER 1 EXPORTER IN THE WORLD

 

HS Code Export Product Description ( Turkey is #1 exporter in the World for these products )
930390 Firearms and similar devices which operate by the firing of an explosive charge (excluding sporting, hunting or target-shooting rifles, revolvers and pistols of heading 9302 and military weapons)
030235 Fresh or chilled Atlantic and Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus, Thunnus orientalis)
030449 Fresh or chilled fillets of fish, n.e.s.
080222 Fresh or dried hazelnuts or filberts “Corylus spp.”, shelled
080420 Fresh or dried figs
080620 Dried grapes
080840 Fresh quinces
081310 Dried apricots
091099 Spices (excluding pepper of the genus Piper, fruit of the genus Capsicum or of the genus Pimenta, vanilla, cinnamon, cinnamontree flowers, clove “wholefruit”, clove stems, nutmeg, mace, cardamoms, seeds of anise, badian, fennel, coriander, cumin and caraway, and juniper berries, ginger, saffron, turmeric “curcuma” and mixtures of various types of spices)
110100 Wheat or meslin flour
120791 Poppy seeds, whether or not broken
190430 Bulgur wheat in the form of worked grains, obtained by cooking hard wheat grains
200190 Vegetables, fruit, nuts and other edible parts of plants, prepared or preserved by vinegar or acetic acid (excluding cucumbers and gherkins)
200819 Nuts and other seeds, incl. mixtures, prepared or preserved (excluding prepared or preserved with vinegar, preserved with sugar but not laid in syrup, jams, fruit jellies, marmalades, fruit purée and pastes, obtained by cooking, and groundnuts)
240110 Tobacco, unstemmed or unstripped
240311 Water-pipe tobacco (excluding tobacco-free. See subheading note 1.)
250610 Quartz (excluding quartz sands)
251310 Pumice stone
251512 Marble and travertine, merely cut, by sawing or otherwise, into blocks or slabs of a square or rectangular shape
252321 White portland cement, whether or not artificially coloured
252800 Borates, natural, and concentrates thereof, whether or not calcined, and natural boric acids containing <= 85% of H3BO3 calculated on the dry weight (excluding borates separated from natural brine)
252910 Feldspar
510129 Degreased wool, non-carbonised, neither carded nor combed (excluding shorn wool)
511300 Woven fabrics of coarse animal hair or of horsehair (excluding fabrics for technical uses of heading 5911)
520291 Garnetted stock of cotton
520299 Cotton waste (excluding yarn waste, thread waste and garnetted stock)
520420 Cotton sewing thread, put up for retail sale
540234 Textured synthetic filament yarn of polypropylene (excluding sewing thread and yarn put up for retail sale)
540259 Synthetic filament yarn, incl. synthetic monofilament of < 67 decitex, single, with a twist of > 50 turns per metre (excluding sewing thread, yarn put up for retail sale, textured yarn and filament yarn of polyester, nylon or other polyamides)
540269 Multiple “folded” or cabled synthetic filament yarn, incl. synthetic monofilament of < 67 decitex (excluding sewing thread, yarn put up for retail sale, textured yarn and filament yarn of polyester, nylon or other polyamides)
550931 Single yarn containing >= 85% acrylic or modacrylic staple fibres by weight (excluding sewing thread and yarn put up for retail sale)
551110 Yarn containing >= 85% synthetic staple fibres by weight, put up for retail sale (excluding sewing thread)
551120 Yarn containing predominantly, but < 85% synthetic staple fibres by weight, put up for retail sale (excluding sewing thread)
551643 Woven fabrics containing predominantly, but < 85% artificial staple fibres by weight, mixed principally or solely with cotton, made of yarn of different colours
551644 Woven fabrics containing predominantly, but < 85% artificial staple fibres by weight, mixed principally or solely with cotton, printed
570242 Carpets and other floor coverings, of man-made textile materials, woven, not tufted or flocked, of pile construction, made up (excluding Kelem, Schumacks, Karamanie and similar hand-woven rugs)
580219 Terry towelling and similar woven terry fabrics, of cotton (excluding unbleached, narrow woven fabrics of heading 5806, carpets and other floor coverings)
600521 Unbleached or bleached cotton warp knit fabrics “incl. those made on galloon knitting machines”, of a width of > 30 cm (excluding those containing by weight >= 5% of elastomeric yarn or rubber thread, and pile fabrics, incl. “long pile”, looped pile fabrics, labels, badges and similar articles, and knitted or crocheted fabrics, impregnated, coated, covered or laminated)
600522 Dyed cotton warp knit fabrics “incl. those made on galloon knitting machines”, of a width of > 30 cm (excluding those containing by weight >= 5% of elastomeric yarn or rubber thread, and pile fabrics, incl. “long pile”, looped pile fabrics, labels, badges and similar articles, and knitted or crocheted fabrics, impregnated, coated, covered or laminated)
610620 Women’s or girls’ blouses, shirts and shirt-blouses of man-made fibres, knitted or crocheted (excluding T-shirts and vests)
611211 Track-suits of cotton, knitted or crocheted
620891 Women’s or girls’ singlets and other vests, briefs, panties, négligés, bathrobes, dressing gowns, housecoats and similar articles of cotton (excluding knitted or crocheted, slips, petticoats, nightdresses and pyjamas, brassières, girdles, corsets and similar articles)
680221 Marble, travertine and alabaster articles thereof, simply cut or sawn, with a flat or even surface (excluding with a completely or partly planed, sand-dressed, coarsely or finely ground or polished surface, tiles, cubes and similar articles of subheading 6802,10, setts, curbstones and flagstones)
721420 Bars and rods, of iron or non-alloy steel, with indentations, ribs, groves or other deformations produced during the rolling process
721610 U, I or H sections of iron or non-alloy steel, not further worked than hot-rolled, hot-drawn or extruded, of a height of < 80 mm
721621 L sections of iron or non-alloy steel, not further worked than hot-rolled, hot-drawn or extruded, of a height of < 80 mm
721650 Sections of iron or non-alloy steel, not further worked than hot-rolled, hot-drawn or hot-extruded (excluding U, I, H, L or T sections)
730539 Tubes and pipes having circular cross-sections and an external diameter of > 406,4 mm, of iron or steel, welded (excluding products longitudinally welded or of a kind used for oil or gas pipelines or of a kind used in drilling for oil or gas)
732219 Radiators for central heating, non-electrically heated, and parts thereof, of iron other than cast iron or steel (excluding parts, elsewhere specified or included, and central-heating boilers)
741300 Stranded wire, cables, plaited bands and the like, of copper (excluding electrically insulated products)
843780 Machinery used in the milling industry or for the working of cereals or dried leguminous vegetables (excluding farm-type machinery, heat treatment equipment, centrifugal dryers, air filters and machines for cleaning, sorting or grading seed, grain or dried leguminous vegetables)
880220 Aeroplanes and other powered aircraft of an unladen weight <= 2000 kg (excluding helicopters and dirigibles)

Resources and Tools:

  1. ITC Trademap ( For statistical data )
  2. Turkstat ( http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/)